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Galaxolide 50 (IPM)

SKU: 365-10

Galaxolide 50 (IPM)

Regular price $4.32 USD
Regular price $8.64 USD Sale price $4.32 USD
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Ingredients Bottle Size
Sold by weight where possible - more information
Please note that all ingredients for perfumery are made to order products and therefore not eligible for returns or refunds. Please see our refund policy. This does not affect other products which can be returned in accordance with your statutory rights and the above policy.

CAS No.
1222-05-5

Odour (decreasing):
Musk, sweet, fresh, powdery, clean. Fixative

Solvent:
IPM 50%

Main Synonyms:
1,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8,8-hexamethylcyclopenta(g)-2-benzopyran;  hexahydro-hexamethylcyclopenta-benzopyran;  4,6,6,7,8,8-hexamethyl-1,3,4,7-tetrahydrocyclopenta[g]isochromene

Manufacturer:
IFF


This product is also available in 100 Essential Aroma Chemicals Kit One and in the Top Up Kit.

Description and usage notes:

Galaxolide is an isochroman musk, that has an odour profile that is liked by most people and is similar to a macrocyclic musk. It is  strong, clean smelling and a good fixative.  It combines well with other musks and is often used in combinations.

Together with Hedione, Methyl Ionone Gamma, and Iso E Super, in roughly equal proportions, it is a key component of the so-called “Grojsman accord” - called her “hug me”  accord by the perfumer herself: it is one of the most influential in modern perfumery.  Sophia Grojsman first developed the accord for a perfume she made for herself.  It came to dominate feminine perfume after being incorporated in a number of early 1990’s fragrances that enjoyed major commercial success: first and most importantly in Grojsman’s Tresor (Lancôme, 1990), but then in her Spellbound (Lauder, 1991), in Michel Almairac’s Casmir (Chopard, 1991), Maurice Roger’s Dune (Dior, 1991), and so on.  (credit Scent & Chemistry) Besides its diffusive, linear and instantly recognizable character, the accord is exceptionally transparent and very versatile: even in large doses - sometimes more than 3/4 of the formula - the characteristic effect of the accord can be introduced in a nearly limitless range of landscapes, without silencing its surroundings.  The accord also takes well to modifications in the proportions between its components, further expanding the its potential uses while preserving much of its distinctive smell.  Tresor itself is a case in point, with the Hedione content at around a third of that of the other 3 ingredients. The accord’s transparency derives from the transparency of the 4 materials themselves.   Galaxolide is a case in point: it is an extremely powerful musk, with an odour detection threshold is as low as that of Muscenone, perhaps the most powerful non-captive macrocyclic musk.  Yet despite this potency, Galaxolide lets other ingredients shine through even in extreme overdose - say, at over 40% of a formula.

It is also one of the cheapest musks that is still used on a very large scale. In pure form it is very difficult to work with being a very thick, sticky liquid that won’t pour, so IFF also sell it at 50% in either DEP or IPM, either resulting in a mobile liquid that is easy to handle and use. The product offered here is fluidised with IPM rather than DEP - better for those who wish to avoid phthalates - for those who wish to avoid polycyclic musks altogether, Romandolide is the nearest alternative to Galaxolide in olfactory terms.

  Aroma Chemicals, clean, Fixatives, fresh, Ingredients for Perfumery, Liquids, Molecules, musk, Musks, powdery, radiant, sweet,

Documentation

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Acknowledgements

Descriptions

Each entry contains a short list of scent notes with occasionally other short commentary to assist those who may not have encountered the material previously to decide whether it is of interest: I recommend you make your own assessment of each and every perfumery material you use however.

After pricing, quantity options and other basic details scroll down for narative descriptions: these are intended to assit interested readers as well as potential purchasers to assess the uses and potential of the material in question.

Many of the descriptions contain quotations from the manufacturer of the product and in addition I have quoted fairly extensively from Arctander[1] and from Arcadi Boix Camps[2] – both independent writers and both highly experienced perfumers.

There are also some quotes from Bedoukian[3] where details of the chemistry of a material are significant and from Scent & Chemistry[4] the authors of which have taken an analytical approach to the art of perfumery that is unusual and very useful. Quotations have been included from the extremely useful teaching books by Calkin & Jellinek[5] and Curtis & Williams[6] and Surburg and Panten [7] as well.

Anything not identified as a quotation is my own opinion of the material in question and it’s uses, but I am grateful to many other sources and perfumers as well as the expert authors named here.  Please note that these descriptions are copyright of the author and, other than properly achnowledged fair use quoations as defined in English Law, republication in any form is not permitted.


[1] Steffen Arctander: quotations are taken from Perfume and Flavor Chemicals published in 1969 and Perfume and Flavor Materials of Natural Origin published in 1961

[2] Arcadi Boix Camps: quotations are taken from Perfumery: Techniques in Evolution, 2nd Edition published in 2009, but containing material written in 1978, 1985, and 1999 as well – where relevant the date of writing is noted with the quotations.

[3] Bedoukian: quotations are taken from Perfume and Flavoring Synthetics, 3rd, Revised Edition by Paul Z. Bedoukian, Ch.E., Ph.D. Published in 1986.

[4] Scent & Chemistry by Ohloff, Pickenhagen and Kraft, published as a book of that name in 2012, from which I have quoted, but also referencing updates on their maintained Facebook page . In addition this tag is used in the descriptions for other works involving the same authors, including:

  • Felker, I., Pupo, G., Kraft, P. and List, B. (2015), Design and Enantioselective Synthesis of Cashmeran Odorants by Using “Enol Catalysis”. Angewandte Chemie Int. Ed., 54: 1960–1964.
  • Kraft, P. and Popaj, K. (2008), Unexpected Tethering in the Synthesis of Methyl-Substituted Acetyl-1-oxaspiro[4.5]­decanes: Novel Woody–Ambery Odorants with Improved Bioavailability. Eur. J. Org. Chem., 2008: 261–268.
  • Kraft, P. (2004) Aroma Chemicals IV: Musks, in Chemistry and Technology of Flavors and Fragrances (ed D. J. Rowe), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK.

[5] Calkin & Jellinek: quotations are taken from Perfumery: practice and principles by Robert R. Calkin, J. Stephan Jellinek, published in 1994.

[6] Curtis & Williams: quotations are taken from An Introduction to Perfumery 2nd Edition, by Tony Curtis and David G Williams, published in 2001

[7] Surburg and Panten: quotations are taken from Common Fragrance and Flavor Materials. Preparation, Properties and Uses. 5th Edition by Horst Surburg and Johannes Panten (Copyright 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim), published in 2006


Spelling

A quick note about spellings: this website is primarily written in British English - it is after all written by an English Perfumer - however most of the authors mentioned here and many of the manufacturers were writing for American audiences and published using American English: where that is the case I have, as far as possible, preserved the spelling used in the source material.  As a result there may be inconsistencies on any given page, but that seemed to me better than arbitrarily changing material in the process of quotation.


Quantity Options

We’ve recently had a change of policy - and bought some new containers - so now all ingredients are sold by weight whether they are solids or liquids.  Only the 10ml and 5ml sizes incorporated in kits, and a few inexpensive materials such as solvents, are still done by volume.  Even the 5ml and 10ml sizes will now be filled to contain 5g or 10g regardless of whether the material is solid or liquid.

Liquids up to 10g in glass bottles (where the fill level may vary as illustrated above), 30g and 50g in HDPE Plastic.

Those materials available in 1Kg are normally supplied in aluminium flasks similar to those used for the 500g size, though we do supply a few materials in HDPE bottles as well.

Finally please note that, with some 500 different materials and so many size options we don’t hold ready-to-sell stocks: when you buy perfumery ingredients we will prepare them to order for you.  This means that large orders can sometimes take a few days to prepare and also that we don’t offer refunds on ingredients, unless of course there is a fault of some kind.

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